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History Of Writing | More update coming on 2021

It was writing that took man in to the history, there are all kind of writing system invented by ancient civilizations but what kind of writing took man in to the history? [4]


Starting Date

Linear cuneiform (cuneiform) 2500 BC was a starting point and it was invented by Sumerian. Early cuneiform inscription used linear inscriptions by using a pointed stylus and on occasion called "linear cuneiform", before introduced to the new wedge styluses. However the recent discoveries in Jiroft changed everything upside down and the recent studies[8] confirms the writing system in Iranian plateau wasn’t only in Elam, it was also used in southern easter Iran and dates back even further as proto-cuneiform time.

Iranian plateau has six different phases between 3500-1850BC


1.Phase 1 3500BC-3300BC - Numeral tablets

2.Phase 2 3300BC – 2900BC - Proto-Elamite script, which was mostly figures and numbers.

3.Phase 3 2900BC-2300BC – Transition Periods (transition between proto-Elamite to liner-Elamite)

4.Phase 4 2300BC-2000BC - Linear Elamite was writing language which did not use figures, it was syllabic writing system.

5.Phase 5 2000BC-1850BC – Linear Elamite and cuneiform

6.Phase 6 after 1850BC – disappearance of the liner Elamite only the cuneiform writing is remains.

Previously to the discovery of Jiroft inscription, the most ancient script had been found in Susa site which has remained from the the period of rule of a monarch of Khutelutush-In-Shushinak and its dates back to 1200 BCE.[8] It was always though that cuneiform was introduced by Akadian to the Elamite around 2200BC. According to Majidzadeh; “It is believed that Jiroft’s writing language came into existence at the same time Mesopotamia started developing a writing system. According to the carbon 14 tests conducted on the layers in which Jiroft inscription was discovered, this inscription was dated to 2500 BCE. Although such tests have not been carried out on Mesopotamia inscription yet”.

Please NOTE: The inscriptions unearthed in Jiroft was found on top of the layer, it believed that there are lots of artefacts buried in 12 meters beneath of Konar sandal (in Jiroft) and also the archaeology discoveries that carried out in Sumer, took 200 years but in Jiroft only took seven seasons.[10]

So We Can Conclude...

No longer can claim proto-cuneiform is older than proto-Elamite and there is no single evidence suggest that proto-cuneiform is older than proto-Elamite. Both Linear Elamite and cuneiform (Sumerian Language) were both oldest writing system (invented at the same time). The so called Linear Elamite writing is completely independent from the cuneiform writing system Created after the vanishing of the Proto- Elamite tablets, Thought to be the Linear-Elamite writing was mainly limited to Susa and Puzur- Inšušinak’s era(2100 BC). The findings, mainly in the Konar Sandal (Jiroft) and Shahdad, suggest that this writing system was probably created in the second half of the 3rd millennium BC in southern Iran. The beginning of the 2nd millennium BC, the cuneiform writing system probably played an important role at that time in the rejection of the Linear-Elamite writing system in south- western Iran. Also the Linear-Elamite writing system was probably limited to a small community of users or at least much smaller than the cuneiform and specially used for royal inscriptions! as proto-Elamite and Linear-Elamite only used in Iranian Plateau.

From now on we can name the proto-Elamite to proto-Iranian writing and Linear Elamite to Hatamtite (Elamite) or Proto Iranian writing stage 3


Here at Persian Wonders

We have developed two different tools, one is the Linear Elamite and other is Old Persian (Cuneiform) to get familiar and examine the language.

Please NOTE: the Linear Elamite tool is not for learning purpose it’s for fun and to get familiar with the sign and their writing system.
Write In Linear Elamite | Write In Old Persian