This website is using cookies to give you the best online experience. That's Fine

Timeline Of Persia | 8000 BC - 539 BC

The Timeline is from predynastic Era. The information in here is subject to change due to the world archaeology news.

Chogha Mish

In 5000 B.C, Chogha Mish was the biggest population centre. studies at the site between 1969 to 1979 showed growing social and economic complexity. [13]

Earliest known ensemble

Four seated musicians accompany the diner, having mastered the intricacies of ensemble playing.
One musician plays an arched harp, here shown for the first time in history. Below is a man who extends his rms over the flat top of an object restored as a drum.
The third musician holds two objects shaped like animal horns. The fourth person places his right hand against the cheek, a posture well known from singers in the ancient and modern near east.
It s he earliest known ensemble, it includes the essential elements of modern ensemble.
The musicians play a string instrument, a percussion instrument, and a wind instrument.[13]

Development of writing

The Chogha Mish is important today for information about the development of writing. At Chogha Mish and Susa, evidence begins with an accounting system using clay tokens, over time changing to clay tablets with marks, finally to the cuneiform writing system.[13]

Hajji Firuz

Hajji Firuz Ziggurat

Hajji Firuz Tepe(artificial mound) is a Neolithic village in Zagros Mountains. A research of Neolithic winemaking came from the analysis of a yellowish excess inside a jar unearthed at the site. The jar was found along with five jars along one wall of a kitchen of a Neolithic mudbrick building dated to circa 5400-5000 BC.


Sialk has had human residence of about 7500 years ago.

Many of the items found in Sialk excavated from the necropolis.
Sialk is one of four ziggurats built by the Elamite civilization. The other three are: Choqa Zanbil (1250 BC), Susa ziggurat (1800 BC), and Haft Teppeh (1375 BC),

Oldest Ziggurat

Before pyramids it was Ziggurat. Ziggurat is a temple tower of ancient Iran and Iraq. Sialk Ziggurat was first excavated by by Roman Ghirshman in the 1930s.
The Sialk ziggurat has 3 floors, and although the ziggurat itself was built in 2900 BC, it still predates Urnamu’s Ziggurat at Ur, which was built in 2100 BC.
Which can mean the art and knowledge of building a ziggurat was a Mesopotamian created knowledge but in fact created by the Elamites.


Burnt City

The city was built around 3200 BC and emptied (2100 BC) over a time later. The city experienced four stages of civilization and was burnt down three times and this is the reason why the city named Burnt City and because it was never rebuilt after the last fire. The site was discovered in 1967.


The oldest known backgammon, a human skull which indicates the practice of brain surgery and an painter object that indicate the first animation also In December 2006 archaeologists discovered the world's earliest artificial eyeball in the city.
History of Backgammon

Aratta Earliest Civilization

Burnt City was part of Aratta Civilization
Discover More About Burnt City

Elamite - Cradle Of Civilization

Elamite also known as Susiana, is one of the oldest civilization in the world and it was neighbour to the Sumer and it was culturally tied to Mesopotamia. It's in Iranian Plateau but geographically is part of Mesepotamia. The dates backs to 3300-539 BC.

The Golden Age of Elam
Elam, in the period between the 13th to 12th century BC,. Under one of the its most powerful kings, Untash-Napirisha, reached its economic. Political and cultural zenith. Untash-Napirisha’s name is associated with the founding of a holy city overlooking the river Diz, with the name of Dur-Untash, or as we might say, Untashburgh-the present-day Chogha Zanbil.


Susa was capital of the Elamite and its one of the oldest city in the world
Susa, the largest population centre in lowland Susiana, is one of the few ancient sites where the earliest steps towards urbanization, the second great revolution in human culture, were taken. Mentioned in both the Bible and classical text, Susa is one of the most celebrated sites in antiquity . more than century of excavations by French archaeologist, followed by Iranian investigators, has made Susa, which was the heartland of Elam, one of the best known archaeological sites of the ancient world. [13]

According to Jean Parrot (archaeologists, CNRS, France) “6,000 years ago in Susa, in southwest of Iran, and at the same time in Mesopotamia, there was an era which lasted for more than 1,000 years, that is from 4000 to 2400 BC. The feature of this period is what is sometimes referred to as the urban revolution. The is revolution entitled formation of social classes given order to the newly settled-in lands, expansion of commercial exchanges with neighbouring regions and establishment of religion”

Ziggurat (Choga Zanbil )

Elamite ziggurat known as Choga Zanbil was built around 1250 BCE and its the only zigguirat that almost survive today. Below is displaying before and after the Ziggurat.[13]

Display Before

Jiroft - Cradle Of Civilization

Display Before

A gigantic ziggurat has been discovered in Jiroft (known as the Konar Sandal). Below is displaying before and after the Ziggurat.

Aratta Earliest Civilization

Jiroft was main part of Aratta Civilization
Discover More About Jiroft