Aratta Earliest Civilization | Physical Copy According to Yusef Majidzade
The semi mythical/mythical Aratta civilization believed to be already old to the Sumerian and the core of Mesopotamia civilization maybe originated from Aratta. Archeologists were looking for this lost Ancient civilization for years which was mentioned by Sumerian. Most archeologists believe that; Aratta has to be somewhere in Iranian plateau.
The Jiroft came by accident at year 2000 when series of heavy flood along the Halil River led to the discovery of many mythical artefacts (the discovered carved stones was famously known as intercultural style and later changed to Jiroft style) and the best example of this artefact was known as “Mythical Scene” which was discovered in Khafajah, Iraq 2600 – 2400 B.C.
Along with the precious artefacts and the minerals discovered near Jiroft, the gigantic Ziggurat discovered (known as the Konar Sandal) which pre date Sumerian Ziggurat and also the team of archeology in Jiroft have discovered the writing system that completely different than Cuneiform writing and it does raises a concern that the Jiroft was a core of civilization in Iranian plateau not Elam and it has been confirmed by archaeologists that Jiroft was once a trading hub in ancient time between Indus valley and Mesopotamia. No longer can claim Mesopotamia was a unique cradle of civilization as this discovery is another cradle of civilization that is equally important as Mesopotamia.
In almost nine months, looters had dug 10,000 holes in the ground and in cemeteries to find objects of unique beauty, of a civilization that once must have reached those of Mesopotamia and Egypt.
Location of Aratta
The location of Aratta mentions in Sumerian literature.
Enmerkar (is a legendary king listed as the builder of the Sumerian city of Uruk) wants Aratta to bring stones down from the mountain, craft gold, silver and lapis,
and send them, along with ore (natural rock or sediment that contains one or more valuable minerals) to Uruk to build a temple.
Inana (the most important goddess in the Mesopotamia) offers him send a messenger to Aratta, who leads and originates the Zubi (Zagros) mountains, and crosses Susa, Anshan, and five, six and seven mountains before approaching Aratta.
Marhashi was a 3rd millennium B.C. situated east of Elam, on the Iranian plateau.
It is known from Mesopotamian sources, but its precise location has not been identified, though some scholars link it with Jiroft. 
Aratta and Marhashi could be the same civilization, Aratta is a mythical name and the Marhashi is an actual name. [PW]
Large Standing Male Figure
A large figure discovered near Ziggurat (Konar Sandal) in Jiroft. The high relief representation is a front image of a standing male figure, possibly a spiritual god, who faces north. Its 110 cm of the height of the figure is preserved, it must have originally been something in the order of 210-220 cm tall. He holds his fists symmetrically together beneath his chest, resting them on top of the girdle that surrounds his waist. It is painted in yellow ochre. His skirt is secured by a wide girdle, yellow in colour that is wrapped around his waist. He wears a long skirt painted with ten rows of alternating red ochre and black triangles separated by narrow lines. Each row has between 10 and 12 black triangles each measuring about 6 cm on a side and separated from each other by small 3 mm gaps.
Cities of Aratta
Some of the most important archaeology sites of Aratta are: Jiroft, Tape Yahya, Burnt City(Shahr-e-Sokhte), Shahdad, Tell Iblis. [PW]
A few signs of Linear Elamite could be recognized on their writing system (probably it's the older version of the linear Elamite) also The geometric writing system discovered which is completely different than any other writing system in the world (still not sure these geometric writing systems are writing).
Professor Yousef Madjidzadeh believe that the Sumerian Etana myth may
be originated in Iran and travelled west as this artefact or any other similar
artefacts discovered so far representing eagle and two snakes.
The Myth of Etana is the story of the Sumerian ancient King of Kish who
ascends to heaven on an eagle to request the Plant of Birth from the gods
so that he might have a son. The myth breaks for several lines and the
story of an eagle and a snake, a tale of a vowed friendship and betrayal, is
Classifications of Stone Artefacts
Over 600 years of the productions of stone objects and probably the most beautiful stone object in ancient time. Their imagination in that time was second to none. It remains a mystery in today’s date that, what exactly those designed patterns are? is it some sort of epic story? [PW] Jiroft Style
A Brief Study of The Jiroft Style Stone Artefact
Years of studies and research of stone artefact.
Abstract - This research is looking at some selected Jiroft style objects to examine and conclude their classifications based on manufacturing techniques or their pattern, this aims to classify them for further research in the future. The authenticity of objects in market challenged by quality measurements which classified at this research and makes it easier to identify them. In addition to this, this research will focus on examining and assessing the materials used to make the Jiroft style stones. [PW]
The city was built around 3200 BC and emptied (2100 BC) over a time later. The city experienced four stages of civilization and was burnt down three times and this is the reason why the city named Burnt City and because it was never rebuilt after the last fire. The site was discovered in 1967.
The oldest known backgammon, a human skull which indicates the practice of brain surgery and an painter object that indicate the first animation also In December 2006 archaeologists discovered the world's earliest artificial eyeball in the city.
Some paleoanthropologists believe that mothers in the Burnt City had social and financial prominence.
5000 year-old insignias, made of river pebbles and believed to belong only to distinguished inhabitants of the city, were found in the graves of some female citizens.
Some believe the female owners of the insignias used them to place their seal on valuable documents.
Others believe the owners may have used the seal to indicate their lofty status in society.
Research in to this civilization is a relatively recent and ongoing multinational archaeological project that aims to uncover an unknown civilization in a series of newly discovered sites in Iran’s Kerman province, located, known as Jiroft or Halil Rud area. Professor Madjidzadeh the head of archaeologists group in Jiroft said when other archaeologists and I first saw the objects which have been found in Jiroft we strongly believed that civilization started from this area not south of Mesopotamia the mass of discoveries made in fey years in jiroft indicate that the art of carving in this historical site was much more developed that that of the Sumerian civilization which is believed to be the most ancient civilization of the world.
Also a gigantic ziggurat has been discovered. Below is a comparison between the Great Pyramid of Khufu (largest Egyptian pyramid) and the Great ziggurat of Jiroft.
Some archeologists believe the discovered inscriptions are one of the most ancient script found so far and maybe the Elamite written language originated in Jiroft (it’s hypothesis), where the writing system developed first and was then spread across the country. Also a geometric writing system discovered in Jiroft which is completely different writing system.
Shahdad (third millennium B.C) was a major Bronze Age centre discovered in 1968.
The Shahdad artisans worked lapis lazuli, silver, lead, turquoise, and other materials imported from as far away as eastern Afghanistan, as well as shells from the distant Persian Gulf and Indian Ocean. Evidence shows that ancient Shahdad had a large metalworking industry by this time."
Shahdad shares many parallels with Shahr-i-Sokhta. Many other ancient settlements are found in what is now empty desert. The oldest metal flag in human history was found in this city.
In the 3rd millennium BCE, the city was a production center of chlorite stone ware; Nearby, a steatite mine has been discovered. Over a thousand steatite pieces were found, indicating local manufacturing. The distribution of these vessels was very wide. They were found not only in Mesopotamia, but also in Bampur IV, and in Shahr-i Sokhta. They were also found in the lower levels at Mohenjodaro. Steatite bowls with similar motifs are also found on Tarut island, and copies have been found at Umm-an Nar in the Persian Gulf.
Six proto-Elamite tablets that have been recovered. Also, eighty-four tablet blanks indicate that writing was being practised at here. Also, an object was found similar to a writing stylus.
*PW - Persian Wonders (based on our conclusion and study)
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